The length of time ovulation is suppressed varies. It depends on how often the woman breastfeeds and the length of time since the baby's birth. Ovulation usually returns after 6 months despite continuous nursing. Breastfeeding used for birth control is also called the lactational amenorrhea method LAM.
When menstrual period resume following pregnancy, another form of birth control is needed. Douching is a method of rinsing out the vagina. Women use water, vinegar, or pharmaceutical products which are introduced into the vagina using a squeeze bottle or rubber tubing. It has long been thought that women need to cleanse their vaginas and reduce odor. Some women douche after menstrual periods or sex so as to avoid contracting a sexually transmitted disease.
Some also believe that douching following intercourse will prevent pregnancy. Douching is not recommended as a form of cleansing, birth control, or STD protection. Male condom: The male condom also called a rubber is a thin sheath placed over an erect penis. A man or his partner unrolls the condom over his penis before he places the penis in the woman's vagina.
A male condom prevents pregnancy by acting as a physical barrier to the passage of semen into the vagina. A condom can be worn only once. It is one of the most popular methods of contraception. Condoms may be purchased at most drug and grocery stores. They are also sold from dispensers in many public restrooms. Condom use has increased among all women of reproductive age because of their concern about contracting HIV the virus that leads to AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms made from latex are most effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy. They also serve to protect against sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and gonorrhea.
follow link Condoms should not be used use condoms with petroleum jelly, lotions, or oils, as these may decrease its effectiveness. They can decrease the effectiveness. They can be used with lubricants that are not oil-based such as K-Y Jelly. Female condom: The female condom brand name: Reality is a polyurethane sheath intended for 1-time use, similar to the male condom. You can buy them at a drugstore without a prescription.
The female condom prevents pregnancy by acting as a barrier to the passage of semen into the vagina. The male partner should not use a condom at the same time because they may adhere to each other, leading to slippage or displacement of either device. If you have to choose between the two methods, the male condom confers better protection. Diaphragm: The diaphragm is a shallow latex cup with a spring mechanism in its rim to hold it in place in the vagina.
Diaphragms are manufactured in various sizes. A pelvic examination with measurement of the vaginal length of your vaginal canal must be performed by your health-care professional so that the correct size of the diaphragm can be determined. Instructions as to how to prepare and insert the diaphragm will be provided by the physician. The diaphragm prevents pregnancy by providing a barrier to the passage of semen into the cervix. Once in position, the diaphragm provides effective contraception for 6 hours.
After that time, if the diaphragm has not been removed, fresh spermicide must be added with an applicator. The diaphragm must be left in place for at least 6 hours after sex but not more than 24 hours. Cervical cap: The cervical cap is a soft cup-shaped latex device that fits over the base of a woman's cervix. It is smaller than a diaphragm and may be more difficult to insert. It too must be fitted by a trained provider, as it comes in different sizes.
Spermicide is needed to fill the cap one third full prior to its insertion. It may be inserted as long as 8 hours before sexual activity, and it can be left in place for as long as 48 hours. The cervical cap acts as both a mechanical barrier to sperm migration into the cervical canal and as a chemical agent with the use of spermicide. Sponge: The vaginal sponge, introduced in , and taken off the market shortly thereafter, is enjoying a resurgence in its popularity.
The sponge is a soft circular polyurethane device that contains a spermicide nonoxynol It is disposable, and should be discarded after use. It is OTC, and may be appealing to women who wish to avoid using hormonal contraception. It offers an immediate and continuous presence of spermicide throughout a hour period.
Spermicides are chemical barriers to conception. They are a reversible method of birth control in that when a woman ceases usage, full fertility returns immediately. Vaginal spermicides are available OTC, and are available in forms such as foam, cream, jelly, film, suppository, or tablet. Spermicides contain a chemical that kills sperm or makes them inactive so that they cannot enter a woman's cervix.
Nonoxynol-9 is the active chemical in most spermicidal products in the United States. Sterilization is considered a permanent form of birth control that a man or woman elects to undergo.
The Pill Problem: How to Protect Your Health from the Side Effects of Oral Contraceptives - Kindle edition by Ross Pelton. Download it once and read it on your. What Are the Side Effects of Birth Control Pills? Birth control pills are oral contraceptives that contain hormones, which prevent your ovaries from control involving estrogen can increase your risk of certain health problems.
Although tubal sterilization, or a tubal ligation, for women and vasectomy for men are sometimes reversible, reversal surgery is much more complicated than the original procedure and is frequently unsuccessful. Thus, when choosing a sterilization method you should not have thoughts of future reversal. Each year approximately one million American women elect to have surgery to occlude their Fallopian tubes i. The side effects that some women have while on the Pill include:.
Some of these side effects improve over the first 3 months on the Pill. When a girl has side effects, a doctor will sometimes prescribe a different brand of the Pill. The Pill also has some side effects that most girls are happy about. It usually makes periods lighter, reduces cramps, and is often prescribed for women who have menstrual problems. Young women who can remember to take a pill each day and who want excellent protection from pregnancy use birth control pills.
Not all women can — or should — use the Pill. In some cases, medical or other conditions make the use of the Pill less effective or more risky.
It also might not be recommended for girls who have had unexplained vaginal bleeding bleeding that is not during their periods or who think they might be pregnant. Girls who are interested in learning more about different types of birth control, including the Pill, should talk to their doctors or other health professionals. A doctor or a nurse practitioner NP must prescribe the Pill. He or she will ask about a girl's health and family medical history, and do a complete physical exam, which might include a pelvic exam.
If the doctor or NP prescribes birth control pills, he or she will explain when to begin taking the Pill and what to do if pills are missed. After that, girls who are having sex should get routine exams every 6 months to a year, or as recommended. Many health and family planning clinics such as Planned Parenthood sell birth control pills for less. In addition, birth control pills and doctor visits are covered by many health insurance plans.
Larger text size Large text size Regular text size. COCs are safe for women with varicose veins. Varicose veins are enlarged blood vessels close to the surface of the skin. They are not dangerous. They are not blood clots, nor are these veins the deep veins in the legs where a blood clot can be dangerous deep vein thrombosis. A woman who has or has had deep vein thrombosis should not use COCs. Can a woman safely take COCs throughout her life? There is no minimum or maximum age for COC use. COCs can be an appropriate method for most women from onset of monthly bleeding menarche to menopause see Women Near Menopause.
COCs can be an appropriate method for adolescents. Adolescents may need extra support and encouragement to use COCs consistently and effectively.
Can women who smoke use COCs safely? Women younger than age 35 who smoke can use COCs.